GIS / BIM Integration
This project focuses on applying BIM + GIS Integration in a context of a campus scale to create a collaborative database platform for architects, landscape architects and architectural engineers.
Sustainable design requires collaborative efforts linking the systems of buildings and built form to the social and natural systems within which they are embedded. Landscape Architecture, Architectural Engineering and Architecture each have traditionally used independent computing platforms to model and manage quantitative information. Landscape architects utilize Geographic Information Systems (GIS) so that planning and design were embedded within layers of information about soil, vegetation, demographics, and transportation networks. Architects and architectural engineers use Building Information Modeling software to allow for rapid prototyping, energy analysis and construction modeling.
This project focuses on the development of a campus scale spatio-temporal relational database linking building information with geospatial data for a sub-campus of Penn State. The reasons for using Penn State's campus include that high quality geospatial data is readily available, the location allows us to model historic, modern and future scenarios based on local data collection and the location is familiar and transferable to the curricula within disciplines. This proposed research, coupled to recent technological advancements, provides a perfect opportunity to address these challenges and develop a 4-D model of a sub-campus of Penn State. The model will be useful as an educational tool, because it will present a variety of historic and modern sustainability scenarios, along with quantitative assessments of water use, energy demands and impacts.
Detailed Project Breakdown
1. Develop a Core Geospatial Database within GIS and Perform baseline environmental assessment, relying on three historic scenarios.
a. Compile a core topographic database of the sub campus. Using local LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) data as a base we will construct a detailed topographic database for the campus (figure 2).
b. Compile a core set of ecological data for the sub campus. This database will include core variables such as soil type (and DCNR soil analyses), Landcover, Vegetative Cover, etc.
c. Compile a core set of local cultural systems data for the sub campus. This database will include transportation networks, parcels, zoning information, and building footprints.
d. Compile a core set of high resolution aerial photos within the database. This simply involves mosaic‐ing several recently acquired digital images from the Pennsylvania Spatial Data Archives.
e. Perform basic environmental assessment of three historic periods as a baseline to compare with current and modern scenarios. These will include analysis of runoff, erosion and infiltration.
2. Integrate this data with 3‐D detailed building information.
a. Transfer Building Information Models provided by the university or models developed by students in the AE 222 course to GIS.
b. Build and parameterize the models in City Engine, part of ArcGIS 10.3.
c. Publish these data as part of a publically access database via ArcSERVER online maps (figure 3).
d. Develop a procedure for creating and implementing the approach on a campus wide scale in collaboration with the Penn State Office of Physical Plant.
For more information, contact Tim Murtha.